Sunday, 19 March 2017

INEDIBLE plant list - WARNING! Do not eat!

As a point of interest, here are a list of some of the more common plants that are mildly or extremely toxic. It would probably be unwise to eat them raw or at all. Other species in the same family as these plants may also have similar toxic properties

Some of these plants can be ingested after processing. For example, creeping buttercup (Ranunculus repens) has toxins that can be eliminated by heating or drying. Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) can be eaten once the bitter saponins are removed although even then it is probably wise to consume in moderation or better still use them to make soap. Possibly the young leaves and flower buds of the marsh marigold (Caltha palustris) can be eaten raw but the whole plant contains toxic glycosides. Higher quantities are contained in older plants and toxins can be destroyed with heat.

It isn't, therefore, always black and white when considering the edibility of plants. Indeed, there are uses for all plants, even the ones we consider extremely poisonous. For the average bod, simply interested in the edibility of a plant and basic home remedies, it might be best to stick to more safer plants.

A selection of common plants which are TOXIC to varying degrees (this is not an exhaustive list):


A - Anemone (Anemone species), Azalia (Rhododendron species)

B - Creeping buttercup (Ranunculus repens), bluebells (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii)

C - Celadine (Chelidonoin majus), Christmas rose (Helleborus species), clematis (Clematis species), crocus (Colchicum species), cyclamen (Cyclamen hederifolium)

D - Daffodil (Narcissus species), deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna)

F - Foxglove (Digitalis species)

G - Globeflower (Trollius europaeus)

H - Hemlock (Conium maculatum), henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

L - Laburnham (Laburnum anagyroides), larkspur (Delphinium nuttallianum), lily of the valley (Convallaria keiskei, Convallaria majalis), lupin (Lupinus species)

M - Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris), monkshood (Aconitum uncinatum)

P - Pasque flower (Pulsatilla vulgaris), periwinkle (Vinca major, Vinca minor), pheasants Eye (Adonis vernalis), potato leaves (Solanum tuberosum)

R - Rhubarb leaves (Rheum rhaponticum), rhododendron (Rhododendron species)

T - Thorn apple (Datura stramonium), tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum), tomato leaves (Solanum lycopersicum), tree mallow (Lavatera arborea) 

W - Wild spurge (Euphorbia corollata) and yew (Taxus baccata).

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